As parents and guardians, the safety of our kids always takes the front seat. We meticulously pick activities that won’t raise alarm bells, ensure they munch on the healthiest snacks, and drill into their heads the dos and don’ts of navigating the big, wide world (like that crucial “look both ways” before crossing the street or the evergreen “stranger danger” chat).
But here’s an idea: how about adding another layer of security by teaching them some nifty first aid skills? I mean, imagine if they could be the heroes who swoop in with a band-aid or more when someone’s in a pinch? First aid isn’t some flashy trend—it’s a timeless skillset, and guess what? Your kids are just as capable of mastering it as you are.
So, are you up for giving your youngster the lowdown on basic first aid, right in the comfort of your own home? These 7 essential skills aren’t just a feather in their cap; they’re like the ultimate safety toolkit. Let’s jump in!
1. How to Call 911
Emergencies can rattle anyone, but it’s during these tense moments that knowing what to do can make a real difference. When it comes to injuries or life-threatening situations, there’s one step that should always take the lead: calling 911.
In the realm of teaching your kids first aid, there’s a fundamental lesson that trumps all others—how to dial 911. Let’s delve into the details together.
- Start with the essentials – Introduce your young learners to the three digits that hold immense power: 9-1-1. This trio is the key to reaching help when it matters most.
- Navigating Smartphones – In today’s tech-driven landscape, smartphones are our trusty companions. If your kids need to dial 911 using your smartphone, ensure they’re familiar with the phone’s passcode—the one that lets them in. Once inside, guide them to locate the “phone” icon, often depicted as a classic handset image.
- Sharing Critical Information – When the calm voice on the other end of the line asks for details, your kids should be ready. Do they know their home address by heart? Help them memorize it like a cherished song lyric. This way, even in the chaos of an emergency, they can provide this vital information confidently.
- Rehearse for Readiness – Just like mastering a musical instrument or acing a tricky math problem, practice refines the skill. Set up role-play scenarios with your young heroes. Assume the role of the 911 operator and toss them questions: “What’s your name? What’s the problem? Where are you right now?”
Remember, arming your youngsters with the knowledge of how to dial 911 isn’t just a skill—it’s empowering them to be the guardians of safety. So, keep those digits in mind, and let confidence soar!
2. When to Call 911
After a child learns the process of calling 911, it is crucial to have a conversation about the circumstances and justifications for dialing this telephone number.
It’s important to take this opportunity to talk to your children about how important it is to call this number responsibly and to make them understand the seriousness associated with it. Additionally, discuss with them specific emergency situations that might arise where it would be appropriate to call 911.
- There is a fire
- Someone has hurt themselves (bleeding, broken bone, etc.)
- Someone is not responding and no one else is around to help (eg: mommy is on the floor and not answering you)
- Someone is choking (show them the international sign for choking – hands around throat)
- They see a crime happen or a stranger is in the house
- They are scared for their own wellbeing
- They are lost
If individuals possess the necessary knowledge about what signs to observe and comprehend the concept of emergencies, they will feel less fearful about dialing the number in situations that are uncertain and distressing.
3. Where to Find a First Aid Kit
Having a first aid kit is often the solution for treating many accidents, whether they involve a cut, a scrape, a ‘boo-boo’ or a more severe injury.
By instructing your children on the location of the first aid kit in your home and demonstrating the various items it contains, you can educate them about how to provide assistance and understand the purpose of each item during different emergency situations (e.g., using a bandage for bleeding).
If your first aid kit contains medication or sharp objects such as scissors or tweezers, items that you wouldn’t want your young children to easily reach, then you should think about making a separate first aid kit specifically for children.
By providing this kit, individuals can have direct access to less dangerous first aid supplies such as bandages, wraps, tape, an emergency phone number list, a picture manual for first aid, flashlight, water, and more. This ensures that they are equipped with necessary first aid materials for emergency situations while also safeguarding them against the mishandling of more perilous first aid items.
4. What To Do For Bleeding
Instruct your children on how to stop bleeding from a wound by placing a gauze pad, paper towel, clean cloth, or article of clothing (depending on the size of the cut) over it. Encourage them to maintain constant direct pressure on the wound until the bleeding ceases or assistance is available.
If the wound belongs to someone else, instruct them to cover the wound or bandage it with their own hand initially. In case the bleeding persists, direct your child to place their hand on top of the other person’s hand to assist in applying pressure.
If your child can, teach him that it’s always best to wash his hands before and after helping someone. If possible, have him use a glove or clean plastic bag to cover his hand first. If the dressing he has applied gets soaked with blood, have him add another layer of dressing without removing the existing one. This will help the blood stick together and form a clot.
Applying pressure to the vicinity of the object rather than directly on it.
By placing a clean pad of material around the object and securely bandaging it, the object is supported in its position.
The injured part should be raised and kept immobile.
5. Broken Bones
Explain to children that bones have the potential to be broken or cracked, and that the term “fractured” is synonymous. Inform them that bones are living entities that possess a blood supply and nerves.
When bones break, blood seeps into the nearby tissue and results in pain. Injuries to larger bones can lead to significant blood leakage and cause considerable swelling in the surrounding area. Kindly remind your child that broken bones are painful, and it is advisable to refrain from touching the wounded area.
If your child is in the presence of someone who fractures a bone, she can provide assistance.
Seeking assistance from an adult or dispatching someone to seek assistance.
Start by inquiring about the location of the pain and advising the individual to keep the affected area immobile. To enhance comfort, your child can assist by locating a soft object to provide support for the injured part.
In order to help keep the person calm, it is important to engage in conversation and provide information about the situation to prevent them from feeling scared.
To ensure that the individual doesn’t consume any food or beverages, as undergoing a surgery to realign the bone might be required, and eating or drinking could cause a potential delay in the operation.
If it is possible for her, she should stay with the person until help arrives.
6. Stop, Drop & Roll
Stop, Drop, and Roll is a technique utilized to extinguish clothing fires, and it is essential for children to understand the appropriate circumstances in which to apply it.
Come to a halt at their current position.
In a sequential manner, individuals should lower themselves to the ground and proceed to shield their faces with their hands.
Keep rolling repeatedly in both directions until the flames are extinguished.
If you need assistance, ask an adult to provide appropriate care for a burn and seek medical attention.
By equipping your child with the understanding of when and how to administer basic first aid techniques, their confidence will increase and they will be prepared to respond to a medical emergency involving themselves or others.